“MILESTONES” IN GENOMICS

TAXPAYERS FUND ALL OF IT

RESEARCH HISTORY

1953 – the DNA double helix structure is identified

1961 – genetic code deciphered

1977 – Sanger sequencing is developed

1983 – polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is developed

1990 – Human Genome Project begins

1999 – first human chromosome (22) is sequenced

2003 – Human Genome Project is completed

2013 – first multi-gene sequencing diagnostic test for tumour profiling in the NHS

2015 – first patients enrolled in 100,000 Genomes Project receive diagnoses

2017 – release of genome-wide genotype data on all 500,000 UK Biobank participants

2020 – routine use of whole genome sequencing in the NHS

1985 – first NHS funded DNA diagnostic service is launched

1997 – DNA sequencing used within NHS diagnostic services

2001 – molecular testing for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations in high-risk families

2007 – landmark Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium genome wide association study of seven common diseases

2012 – UK government announces 100,000 Genomes Project

2018 – 100,000 Genomes Project reaches its target of 100,000 whole genomes sequenced

2020 – first 50,000 UK Biobank participants receive a whole genome sequence

INFORMATION FOUND AT UK.GOVhttps://www.gov.uk/government/publications/genome-uk-the-future-of-healthcare/genome-uk-the-future-of-healthcare

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/genome-uk-the-future-of-healthcare/genome-uk-the-future-of-healthcare

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